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Green hydrogen: a new catalyst

A new catalyst that generates hydrogen from the combination of sunlight and water.

Innovation comes from the University of Michigan. Green hydrogen will be generated by a new catalyst 10 times more efficient than previous systems. An unprecedented innovation that has reached 9% efficiency.

Green hydrogen: the new catalyst avoids the degradation process

Some of the approaches to solar hydrogen production, such as photoelectrochemical water splitting, require a corrosive electrolyte, thereby limiting performance stability and, most importantly, environmental sustainability. This innovation was developed with the aim of achieving high efficiency using pure water, concentrated sunlight and a photocatalyst of indium and gallium nitride. The new solar panel is able to convert water and solar energy into hydrogen and oxygen.

In particular, gallium has the ability to withstand a light corresponding to 160 suns ; in addition, it improves its performance with use, avoiding the degradation process to which the classic photocatalysts are intended. The success of the new solar panel also stems from the fact that it can operate at an optimal reaction temperature.

Peng Zhou, a researcher in electrical and computer engineering of the theme, says: "We have reduced the semiconductor size by more than 100 times compared to some semiconductors that only work at low light intensity. The hydrogen produced by our technology could be very cheap." Within the testing laboratory, the new solar catalyst has achieved an efficiency of 9%. The outdoor version with sunlight achieved an efficiency of 6.1% in transforming the sun’s energy into green hydrogen fuel. The team’s goal now is to increase efficiency and achieve ultra-high purity hydrogen.

Source by EXPO CLIMA - The first web-portal dedicated to HVAC-R operators.


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